While there isn't one single answer to how long does a bee live for, the western honeybee worker lives for between 35 - 180 days based on several factors including season and location. Bumblebee workers live for less time in between 13-41 days.
|Type Of Honeybee||Life Cycle|
|Queen||15 - 1460 days|
|Worker Bee||35 - 180 days|
|Drone||31- 90 days|
Honeybee life cycles vary based on lots of factors and it's best to break down the defining factors into worker, queen and drone bees:
For a worker bee to hatch the queen must fertilise an egg to create a female worker bee. During their early stage as larvae, the worker bees are fed repeatedly up to 800 times a day to speed up growth.
The time of year honeybee workers hatches makes a huge difference to their expected life expectancy. A worker hatched in summer can expect a lifespan as short as 5 weeks whereas an autumn brood can sometimes see up to 180 days.
Unlike worker honeybees, queens are actually hatched from unfertilised eggs like drones. The major difference between the two is the diet they are fed, queens are fed a diet of exclusively 'royal jelly' jam-packed with everything required to grow a queen in as little as 15 days.
The life of a queen is directly related to her productivity, as long as the queen is producing regular healthy brood she will continue her reign. If the hive decides that the queen is starting to lose her potency they will initiate the process of supersedure, laying new queens to replace the current monarch. Some queens have been recorded living as long as 6 years but 4 years would be considered a long reign for a honeybee queen.
Drone bees are unfertilised eggs, their main goal is to fertilise queens and after they hatch they have a few days to orientate themselves then they take the flight to mate with queens from other hives. This is a deadly undertaking for drone bees as successful suitors will be killed in the act.
Drones are a massive drain on the resources of the hive with no direct benefit and as such can be ejected during the winter months to extend the life of food supplies within the hive.
|Type Of Honeybee||Egg||Larva||Pupa||Time Until Hatched|
|Queen||3 days||8 days||4 days||15 days|
|Worker Bee||3 days||9 days||8 days||20 days|
|Drone||3 days||13 days||7 days||23 days|
Up To 1460 Days
Up To 180 Days
Up To 90 Days
Unlike their relation, the honeybee bumblebees have a much lower life expectancy with the maximum life of a bumblebee queen being just one year.
|Type Of Bumblebee||Life Cycle|
|Worker Bee||13 - 41 days|
|Drone||14 - 28 days|
A worker bumble bee's life cycle varies between species of bumblebee. In general, bees that spend their lives in the nest tend to have much longer life expectancy due to predators and being fully exposed to the elements while foraging for resources.
New bumblebee queens hatch in late summer-early autumn, shortly after they will mate and go about feeding relentlessly to create a surplus of energy for hibernation over winter.
When the new bumblebee queen emerges in early spring she will go about rearing her own young to create a new colony for the summer to come.
Once a male bumblebee has reached maturity it will leave the nest in hunt of other queens to mate with. This will be its final time in the nest as male bumblebees will actually rest for the evening out in the wild usually inside a flower or leaf for protection. As the morning sky starts to light the heavens they will begin to feed and recharge their energy levels for another day of courting.