Bees spend their days busily buzzing from flower to flower collecting resources to take back to the nest or hive. They use a range of techniques to quickly identify potential sources of pollen and nectar, land and extract the precious prize.
When it comes to flowers and bees, not all flowers are equal, some will contain significantly more forage while others are much easier to access for visiting bees. If you want to create a bee-friendly garden it's important to offer a range of plants and flowers that share both of the above characteristics.
Check out our guide on how to make a bee-friendly garden for more tips to encourage bees to your garden or wild area.
We've created a list of 8 bee-friendly flowers for your UK garden so you can create an oasis of pollen and nectar-rich resources for visiting bees.
Lavender acts as a magnet for bees in your garden. This beautiful, fragrant plant offers both nectar and pollen in abundance. You can opt to grow English lavender, French lavender, or any other hybrids. All are suitable sources of forage and provide the nutrition needed for optimal bee health.
Researchers at the University of Sussex identified that lavender is actually more popular with species of bumblebee than honeybees. The tubular nature of the flowers lends itself to the bumblebee's longer tounges which make accessing the nectar and pollen easier. You can read the full research article here.
Bee Balm, Latin name Monarda and often referred to as 'bergamot' provides a great resource for bees foraging in your garden. The tubular flowers produced by this plant are rich in nectar.
This plant blooms in late summer producing beautiful pink and purple petals. Alongside its benefits to bees, it can also be used in natural medicine for its antiseptic qualities. The long tubular flowers tend to lend themselves to bumblebees and their longer tounges, ideal for collecting nectar right at the centre of the flower.
Sedum is a fantastic choice of flower to attract bees to your garden or wild area. These beautifully scented flowers bloom very late in the season and can help you to provide resources for as much of the year as possible.
Sedum flowers are easily accessible to honeybees with their shorter tounges and are very sturdy plants making them great for gardeners who don't have a lot of time to maintain their plants.
The video below shows some honeybees taking advantage of the myriad of lowers produced by the Sedum plant.
Winter flowering honeysuckle provides sweet-smelling flowers with beautiful white petals that are perfect for bees and look great in your garden or wild area.
Winter honeysuckle can be left to grow into a stunning shrub or encouraged to hug and climb a wall or fence with some tying in. As expected this is a winter-flowering shrub and will help to provide suitable resources for bees throughout the sparse colder months in the UK.
Winter-flowering clematis Latin name Clematis cirrhosa are adept climbers. This sturdy plant is very resistant and can be a great choice for a beginner or amateur gardener.
Try to plant this close to your home to enjoy its stunning scent, much like Winter honeysuckle this will provide a suitable source of forage for bees and pollinators through the colder months.
Poppies belong to the subfamily Papaveroideae of the family Papaveraceae. These plants are prolific across the UK and can be seen in gardens, meadows and wild spaces all over the country.
While poppies don't produce nectar like many of the other plants on this list they are a fantastic source of pollen and even help some species build their nests and raise their young.
The poppy mason bee utilises the red petals of the common poppy to line its nest in preparation for young larvae.
Learn more about the fascinating life of mason bees.
Foxglove is a no go for humans but a fantastic source of nutrition for bees. The species has evolved to appeal to bees with longer tounges like species of bumblebee and carder bee.
The plant produces a beautiful combination of pink and purple tubular flowers that flower from June to September. The lower lip of the flower provides a perfect landing zone for bees to begin climbing inside the tubed flower. This allows Foxgloves to effectively reproduce as bees transport pollen from flower to flower.
Forget me not's are a favourite among bees and pollinators alike. They provide easy to access nectar and flower from mid-spring through to early summer.
Any flowers rich in nectar and pollen will attract bees. In my garden, Lavender is without a doubt the most popular species for bees of all varieties.
When bees forage primarily on the same plant the honey they produced is known as 'monofloral'. Citrus trees and blackberries are known to produce some of the best tasting 'monofloral' honey available.
Butterflies are not equipped with the same long tounges that bumblebees and carder bees do. If you want to attract butterflies to your garden try to plant a range of shallow flowers easily accessed by butterflies.
Check out our guide on the best plants for solitary bees to find out some of the species you can plant to encourage this often overlooked caste of bees.
Check out our guide on the best plants for mason bees to learn more.